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Understanding Infertility in Women and Men

Understanding Infertility in Women and Men

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about six percent of American women between the ages of 15 and 44 can’t get pregnant within a year of trying. This 12-month boundary indicates infertility, and the reasons may be with the woman, the man, or a combination of factors between both. 

Depending on the underlying causes, infertility can be treated. Personalized care with an infertility specialist like Gul A. Zikria, M.D. FACOG is the best way to sidestep delays to your pregnancy. Like parenthood, fertility is a team effort. Here’s what you need to know to understand why you’re having trouble conceiving. 

Recognizing infertility

Often, the only way to know as a couple that you’re having issues with fertility is the lack of pregnancy. While that seems obvious, there are usually no signs or symptoms that point toward having trouble with conception other than the lack of success. 

The reasons behind infertility are roughly divided into thirds. One of every three cases of infertility results from issues with the woman, one third are from the man, while the remaining third stem from problems with each. 

Infertility in women

Any condition that affects the ovulation cycle can make getting pregnant more difficult. This can include issues such as: 

Sometimes, for both genders, the reasons for infertility can’t be found. 

Infertility in men

The health of sperm is the primary consideration for male fertility. Sperm quality can be influenced by: 

Low sperm count or low sperm motility (the ability to move), alone or together, can make it difficult to fertilize an egg. 

Preventing infertility

Both women and men can make lifestyle changes that can help bypass an infertile period. Avoiding alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and street drugs helps both genders, while skipping caffeine may help some women. Moderate exercise and a balanced diet also encourage stable weight and healthy body functions.

Timing is often a fertility issue. Ovulation usually occurs 14 days into a 28-day menstrual cycle, but the moment of ovulation can vary between women. Widen the window of intercourse around ovulation to increase your chances of fertilization. 

When your best efforts fail to produce results, it’s time to see Dr. Zikria. He can examine and test both partners to uncover clues about your conception barriers. Treatments are available for both women and men, as well as procedures that improve the chances for pregnancy using assisted reproductive technologies. 

Call Gul A. Zikria, M.D., FACOG in Milpitas, California, at 408-290-8289 to book your fertility consultation. There’s a solution for most couples. Call now to start the journey toward yours. 

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