Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Treatment

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe extension of the symptoms that occur during premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The physical symptoms of PMDD, such as breast tenderness, fatigue, and bloating, are similar to PMS, but the emotional conditions can be debilitating. They can interfere with a woman's life at work, school, or home, keeping her from the doing the things she loves, or even interacting with friends and family.

Some common symptoms of PMDD include:

When trying to determine if you are suffering from PMDD, the first step is to keep track of your symptoms for two or more menstrual cycles. PMDD symptoms generally occur seven days before the menstruation period begins and end a few days after it's started.

Your doctor may determine that you are suffering from PMDD if you regularly experience at least five of the symptoms listed above. They will also investigate if you are suffering from any preexisting social ailments such as depression or gynecological conditions like endometriosis, fibroids, menopause, or a hormonal imbalance.

Causes of PMDD

There is still no general consensus in the medical community as to what specifically causes PMDD, but research suggests it may be related to preexisting conditions such as depression which can be intensified during the hormonal fluctuations that occur during the menstrual cycle.

PMDD may also be related to decreased levels of serotonin, which is a chemical that sends nerve impulses throughout the brain. These nerve impulses are responsible for our emotional responses to the world around us, including our moods and overall demeanor.

A family history of depression or postpartum depression can put you at risk for developing PMDD.

PMDD Treatment

PMDD (Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder)

The goal of any treatment plan is to minimize the symptoms of PMDD and allow you to live a healthy and happy life. Some of the techniques doctors use include prescribing antidepressants and birth control pills, as well as suggesting possible nutritional supplements and herbal remedies. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes that include exercise and ways to cultivate a positive outlook on life.

PMDD and depression are serious conditions that should never be ignored. Contact us today if you feel you may be suffering from any of these symptoms.

Author
Gul A. Zikria, MD, FACOG As an expert in preventive care, innovative treatment solutions, and laparoscopic surgery, board-certified OB/GYN Gul A. Zikria, MD, FACOG, is a trusted practitioner who’s been in private practice since 1985. Dr. Zikria earned his doctor of medicine from Rutgers New Jersey Medical School in Newark. He went on to complete a competitive surgical residency program at Georgetown University in Washington. Dr. Zikria then went through a comprehensive obstetrics and gynecology residency program through the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center at the Magee-Women’s Hospital. He welcomes new and existing patients to his practice in Milpitas, California.

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